FitzGerald Famous People
Maurice FitzThomas FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Desmond (died 25 January 1356) was an Irish nobleman in the Peerage of Ireland, Captain of Desmond Castle in Kinsale, so-called ruler of Munster, and for a short time Lord Justice of Ireland.
The second son of Thomas FitzMaurice FitzGerald, 2nd Baron Desmond by his spouse Catherine (or Margaret), daughter of John, Lord Barry of Olethan, he was created Earl of Desmond by Letters Patent dated at Gloucester, England, 27 August 1329, by which patent also the county palatine of Kerry was confirmed to him and his heirs male, to hold of the Crown by the service of one knight’s fee.
In January 1330 he was summoned by Sir John Darcy, Lord Justice of Ireland, to fight armed Irish rebels, with a promise of the King’s pay. John Lodge states, of his conduct, that this was the first introduction by this Earl of the extortion of Coigne and Livery with a suspension of English law and government in order to deal with the defection of all Munster and a great part of Leinster which had occurred in the reigns of Kings Edward II and Edward III within the space of thirty years.
Accepting the King’s proposal, in addition to dealing with Munster and Leinster, he routed the O’Nolans and O’Murroughs and burned their lands in county Wicklow and forced them to give hostages. He recovered the castle of Ley from the O’Dempsies, and had a liberate of £100 sterling dated at Drogheda 24 August 1335, in return for the expense he had incurred in bringing his men-at-arms, hobellars, and foot-soldiers, from various parts of Munster to Drogheda, and there, with Lord Justice Darcy, dispersed the King’s enemies.
In 1339 he was engaged against Irish rebels in county Kerry where it is said he slew 1400 men, and took Nicholas, Lord of Kerry, prisoner, keeping him confined until he died as punishment for siding with the rebels against the Crown.
The same year he was present in the parliament held in Dublin. He was summoned by Writ dated at Westminster 10 July 1344, with Maurice, Earl of Kildare, and others, to attend the King at Portsmouth “on the octaves of the nativity of the Virgin Mary”, with twenty men-at-arms and fifty hobellars, at his own expense, to assist in the war against Philip, King of France.
In July 1355 he was appointed Lord Justice of Ireland for life, dying, however, the following January in Dublin Castle.
He was interred in the Church of the Friars-preachers of Tralee.
Gerald Mór FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare, KG (died c. 3 September 1513), known variously as “Garret the Great” (Gearóid Mór) or “The Great Earl” (An Iarla Mór), was Ireland’s premier peer. He served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1477 to 1494, and from 1496 onwards.
He was appointed Lord Deputy in 1477, but was replaced by Lord Grey of Codnor on the supposition that an Englishman could do the job better. The lords of the Pale set up a breakaway parliament in protest, and Edward IV was forced to re-install FitzGerald. He inherited the title of Earl of Kildare in 1478.
FitzGerald managed to keep his position after the York dynasty in England was toppled and Henry VII becoming king, but Fitzgerald blatantly disobeyed King Henry on several occasions; he supported the pretender to the throne of England and the Lordship of Ireland, Lambert Simnel. However, Henry needed Fitzgerald to rule in Ireland, and at the same time could not control him.
He presided over a period of near independence from English rule between 1477 and 1494. This independence ended when his enemies in Ireland seized power and had him sent to London as a traitor. He suffered a double blow: he was imprisoned in the Tower of London, and his wife died soon after. He was tried in 1496, and used the trial to convince Henry VII that the ruling factions in Ireland were “false knaves”. Henry immediately appointed him as Lord Deputy of Ireland, saying “All Ireland cannot govern this Earl; then let this Earl govern all Ireland.” Gearóid returned to Ireland in triumph.
He ruled with an iron fist. He suppressed a rebellion in the city of Cork in 1500 by hanging the city’s mayor. He raised up an army against rebels in Connacht in 1504, defeating them at the Battle of Knockdoe. In 1512, after entering O’Neill of Clandeboye’s territory, capturing him and then taking the castle of Belfast, FitzGerald then for reasons now unknown proceeded through to utterly ravage the Bissett family’s lordship of the coastal Glens of Antrim.
A year later, on an expedition against the O’Carrolls, he was mortally wounded while watering his horse in Kilkea. He was conveyed back to Kildare, where he died on or around 3 September 1513.
Thomas FitzGerald, 10th Earl of Kildare (1513–1537), also known as Silken Thomas (Irish: Tomás an tSíoda), was a figure in Irish history.
He spent a considerable part of his early life in England: his mother Elizabeth Zouche, was a cousin of Henry VII. In February 1534, when his father, Gerald FitzGerald, the 9th Earl of Kildare, was summoned to London, he appointed Thomas deputy governor of Ireland in his absence. In June 1534 Thomas heard rumours that his father had been executed in the Tower of London and that the English government intended the same fate for himself and his uncles. He summoned the Council to St. Mary’s Abbey, Dublin, and on 11 June, accompanied by 140 horsemen with silk fringes on their helmets (from which he got his nickname), rode to the abbey and publicly renounced his allegiance to King Henry VIII, Lord of Ireland.
In July he attacked Dublin Castle, but his army was routed. He ordered the execution of Archbishop Alen at Clontarf who had tried to mediate; this lost him any support from the clergy. By this time his father had taken ill and died in London, and he had technically succeeded as tenth earl, but the Crown never confirmed his title. He retreated to his stronghold at Maynooth, County Kildare, but in March 1535 this was taken by an English force under Sir William Skeffington by bribing a guard, while Thomas was absent gathering reinforcements to relieve it. The surrendered garrison was put to death, which was known as the “Maynooth Pardon”. Thomas had wrongly assumed that his cause would attract overwhelming support, in particular from Catholics opposed to Henry VIII’s English Reformation. But Henry’s new anti-Papal policy also outlawed Lutheranism, and so he was not finally excommunicated until 1538.
In July Lord Leonard Grey arrived from England as Lord Deputy of Ireland; Fitzgerald, seeing his army melting away and his allies submitting one by one, asked pardon for his offences. He was still a formidable opponent, and Grey, wishing to avoid a prolonged conflict, guaranteed his personal safety and persuaded him to submit unconditionally to the king’s mercy. In October 1535 he was sent as a prisoner to the Tower. Despite Grey’s guarantee he was executed, with his five uncles, at Tyburn, 3 February 1537. According to G.G. Nichols, (ed.) in The Chronicle of the Gray Friars of London (London, 1852) page 39, the five uncles were “…draune from the Tower in to Tyborne, and there alle hongyd and hedded and quartered, save the Lord Thomas for he was but hongyd and hedded and his body buried at the Crost Freeres in the qwere…
Silken Thomas’s revolt caused Henry to pay more attention to Irish matters, and was a factor leading on to the creation of the Kingdom of Ireland in 1542. In particular the powers of the lords deputy were to be curbed, and policies such as surrender and regrant were introduced.
Lord Edward FitzGerald (15 October 1763 – 4 June 1798) was an Irish aristocrat and revolutionary. He was the fifth son of the 1st Duke of Leinster and the Duchess of Leinster (née Lady Emily Lennox). He was born at Carton House, near Dublin, and died of wounds received in resisting arrest on charge of treason.
Garrett FitzGerald (b. Dublin, 9 Feb. 1926, d. 19 May 2011) Irish; Taoiseach statesman and author; born in Dublin into a political and literary family, he was educated at Belvedere College and at UCD. He worked in a managerial role with Aer Lingus, then as an economic consultant; he became Chairman of the Irish Council of the European Movement in 1959 and in that year also became a lecturer in economics at UCD.
A member of the Irish Senate 1965-69, he became a member of the Dáil (see Irish State) in 1969, then Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1973-77, and led his party Fine Gael 1977-87. He was Taoiseach 1981-82 and 1982-87. In the latter period he negotiated the Anglo-Irish Agreement, signed with the British government in 1985. His published works include: Planning in Ireland (1969), Towards a New Ireland (1972), The Israeli-Palestinian Issue (1990), and All in a Life (1991), an autobiography.
Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996), also known as the “First Lady of Song”, “Queen of Jazz”, and “Lady Ella”, was an American jazz and song vocalist. With a vocal range spanning three octaves (D♭3 to D♭6), she was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a “horn-like” improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.
Fitzgerald was a notable interpreter of the Great American Songbook. Over the course of her 59-year recording career, she was the winner of 13 Grammy Awards and was awarded the National Medal of Arts by Ronald Reagan and the Presidential Medal of Freedom by George H. W. Bush.
F. Scott Fitzgerald was born Sept. 24, 1896, in St. Paul, Minnesota. His first novel’s success made him famous and let him marry the woman he loved, but he later descended into drinking and his wife had a mental breakdown. Following the unsuccessful Tender is the Night, Fitzgerald moved to Hollywood and became a scriptwriter. He died of a heart attack at 44, his final novel only half completed.